A little good news for the frequent book borrowers out there: the Detroit Public Library is no longer charging late fees when patrons keep books (and other media) past their due dates.
Though DPLâ€™s announcement came without warning, it follows a nationwide shift away from late fees, with policies implemented by dozens of other libraries since the early 2010s. Those that have done away with fees (or reduced them) explained the changes as a way to better live up to their missions: providing access to information, to put it simply.
Even a few dollars in fees can keep some people from being able to use the library, and punitive fines seem particularly harmful in Detroit, where one in three residents live below the poverty line.
DPL already cleared members’ existing late fines, too. Cardholders will still have to replace lost or damaged items, both any fines from the past and in the future. And due dates arenâ€™t going away entirely — now, youâ€™ll be barred from checking out new items if youâ€™re holding on to overdue books.
This policy seems like a no-brainer, when you look at the small amount of revenue actually generated by overdue fines — and the much larger number of people who have potentially steered clear of the library because of fines.
DPL shared some of the numbers with Detour, and weâ€™ve got a few bonus ones, too.
321,568: Detroit Public Library cardholders. (DPL)
143,000: DPL cardholder accounts with overdue fines removed Sept. 1. (DPL)
$8: Average amount of fines cleared. (DPL)
$30,384: Total collected from overdue fines in Fiscal Year 2018. Thatâ€™s less than .1% of the annual budget.
16%: Circulation increase in the childrenâ€™s department of northern Colorado’s High Plains Library District in 2017, 18 months after they eliminated overdue fees. (Slate)
95%: Materials returned within a week of their due date in the High Plains Library District. (Slate)
$0: Library card cost for Detroit residents. You can apply to get yoursin person at any of the 22 branches with identification. But cards are also free for members of a bunch of other southeast Michigan library systems. Or, you can get one for $100 annually if you donâ€™t meet the residency requirement. Why pony up, you might ask? Well, there areâ€¦
3.2 million: Total items in the collections, according to DPL. That figure is a little lower than the 4.4 million recorded in Fiscal Year 2016 — but that year, DPL had the 12th largest collection of any municipal library system in the country. The University of Michigan collection and some other research libraries’ are larger as well. (DPL, U.S. Survey of the Institute of Museum and Library Services data via the American Library Association)
1906: The year the Detroit Free Press published a hand-wringing story about this exact problem, describing â€œsinisterâ€ librarians demanding money from children, who often couldnâ€™t pay and were then banned from borrowing. â€œScarcely a day passes but it does not leave its record of tears and sighs and vain regrets in little hearts,â€ the reporter wrote. (Slate)
Here’s to easier access and more books for young readers… not to mention, an end to those little hearts’ vain regrets!